The Monstera Deliciosa, also known as the swiss cheese plant, is native to the tropical rainforests of southern Mexico. The plant is known for its large split leaves, ranging from 9 – 35 inches in width and length. It is a great plant if you are looking for a budget-friendly statement piece to bring a tropical essence to your home.
As it ages, the monstera will develop large cuts or holes in its leaves known as fenestrations. It is believed that these leaves are an adaptation to help the plant during the heavy rain storms or hurricanes that are common in its natural environment. These fenestrations also allow the plant to capture more sunlight by increasing the surface area of the leaves and allowing light to pass through to the lower leaves that would otherwise be obstructed.
The monstera deliciosa is a vining plant that does best when it can climb up a supporting structure. In the wild, the monstera climbs up tree trunks and develops aerial roots for stabilization. To recreate this in an indoor growing environment, place a moss-covered stake in the pot to support the Monstera’s upward growth.
Monstera plants should be placed in a location that receives bright, indirect sunlight. Avoid long periods of direct sunlight as this can burn the monstera’s leaves.
Water your Monstera plant regularly when you notice that the toptwo inches of soil are dry. Use a potting container with holes at the bottom to allow excess water to drain.
For the best results, you should use filtered or distilled water that is lukewarm to water your plant.
Monstera plants thrive in typical household temperatures. Avoid placing your monstera near drafty windows, air conditioning units, or heaters.
Monstera plants thrive in a humid environment that mimics their natural tropical environment. You can boost your plant’s humidity exposure by placing it near a humidifier, clustering plants together, or placing the pot on a pebble tray with water.
Monsteras should be planted in well-draining potting soil that can retail a fair amount of moisture. A mix of standard potting medium with added perlite is sufficient.
The leaves and the roots of the Monstera plant contain a sap with calcium oxalates, which are toxic to people and pets.